Srinagar is the largest city and the summer capital of theIndian state of Jammu and Kashmir.The city is famous for its gardens, waterfrontsand houseboats. It is also known for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and driedfruits.
Srinagar is one of several places that have been calledthe "Venice of the East" or the "Kashmiri Venice Lakes aroundthe city include Dal Lake – noted for its houseboats and Nigeen Lake. Apartfrom Dal lake and Nigeen lake city is also famous for wular lake and manasballake to the north of srinagar. Wular lake is one of the largest fresh waterlakes in Asia. Srinagar has some Mughal gardens, forming a part of those laidby the Mughal emperors across the Indian subcontinent. The Indian governmenthas included these gardens under "Mughal Gardens of Jammu andKashmir" in the tentative list for sites to be included in world Heritagesites.
The Shankaracharya Temple which lies on a hill top in the middle of the city,besides the Kheer Bhawani Temple are important Hindu temples in the city..
Mughal gardens are a group of gardens built by the Mughalsin the Persian style of architecture (Nishat, Shalimar, Chashma shahi garden)This style was heavily influenced by the Persian gardens particularly theCharbagh structure. Significant use of rectilinear layouts are made within thewalled enclosures. Some of the typical features include pools, fountains andcanals inside the gardens.he founder of the Mughal empire, Babur, described hisfavourite type of garden as a charbagh.
Nishat Bagh located in the Srinagar District is 11kilometres (6.8 mi) from the city centre. The nearest Airport is 25–30kilometres (16–19 mi) away at Humhama. The Airport connects to all major citiesof India. Jammu is the nearest Rail Head which is 310 kilometres. The NationalHighway NH1A connects the Kashmir valley with rest of the country. One way ofvisiting the Bagh is through the Dal Lake using the famous "watertaxi" of Kashmir, the Shikara (Boat )
Nishat Bagh is a terraced Mughal garden built on theeastern side of the Dal Lake, close to Srinagar in the state of Jammu andKashmir, India. It is the second largest Mughal garden in the Kashmir Valley.
Shalimar Bagh is a Mughal garden in Srinagar its rightbank located on the outskirts of Srinagar city in Jammu and Kashmir. The Baghwas built by Mughal Emperor Jahangir for his wife Noor Jahan, in 1619. The Baghis considered the high point of Mughal horticulture. It is now a public parkits a largest Mugal garden in srinagar which is bulid by mugals.
Chashme Shahi or Chashma i Shahi (translation: the royalspring), also called Chashma Shahi its near by other mughal gardens ChashmaShahi is one of the Mughal gardens built in 1632 AD around a spring by AliMardan Khan, a governor of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as per the orders of theEmperor, as a gift for his elder son Prince Dara Shikoh. The garden is locatedin the Zabarwan Range, near Raj Bhawan (Governor‘s house) and Pari Mahal (FairyPalace) overlooking Dal Lake in Srinagar, Kashmir.
Indira Gandhi Memorial It is the largest tulip garden inAsia spread over an area of about 30 hectares With 20 lakh tulips of 46varieties in its lap. It is situated on the foothills of Zabarwan Range with anoverview of Dal Lake. The garden was opened in 2007 with the aim to boostfloriculture and tourism in Kashmir Valley.
Tulip festival is an annual celebration that aims toshowcase the range of flowers in the garden as a part of tourism efforts by theGovernment of Jammu and Kashmir. It is organized during the onset of springseason in Kashmir valley. In 2017, the Tulip Festival is celebrated in everyyear.
Dal is a lake in Srinagar (Dal Lake is a misnomer as Dalin Kashmiri means lake) The urban lake, which is the second largest in thestate, is integral to tourism and recreation in Kashmir and is named the"Jewel in the crown of Kashmir" or "Srinagar's Jewel". TheDal Lake which has the length of 8 Km long and a width of 4 Km, spreads over atotal of 26 Sq. Km. We provide free Shikara Ride in Dal Lake with our cheap Srinagar tour packages Thelake is also an important source for commercial operations in fishing and waterplant harvesting. Its just 14 kms Approx from Srinagar Airport.
The shore line of the lake, is about 15.5 kilometres (9.6mi), is encompassed by a boulevard lined with Mughal era gardens, parks,houseboats and hotels. Scenic views of the lake can be witnessed from the shoreline Mughal gardens, such as Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh built during thereign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir and from houseboats cruising along the lake inthe colourful shikaras. During the winter season, the temperature sometimesreaches −11 °C (12 °F), freezing the lake then the local Peoples / Tourist canwalk on it or play a cricket.
Shankaracharya Temple built in 220 BC. as seen in 1868. ona Right: Shankaracharya temple as seen now -Overlooks Dal Lake
The sacred Shankaracharya temple, also known as Jyeshteswara, occupies the topof the hills (about 1,000 feet (300 m) above the surrounding Takht-I-Sulaimanplains in the south-east of Srinagar. Shankracharya Temple is 10- 12 Kms fromBolevard Road and 300 Steps climb to temple. The site, initially named Gopadri,dates back to 250 BC as a Buddhist monument, probably built by Emperor Ashoka'sson Jhaloka. In the 7th century it was replaced by the present temple by KingLalitaditya. The philosopher Shankaracharya is documented as having stayed atthis place when he visited Kashmir ten centuries ago to revive Sanātana Dharma.
Built on a high octagonal plinth (20 feet (6.1 m) high) on solid rock andapproached by a flight of steps with side walls that once bore inscriptions,the main surviving shrine consists of square building with a circular cell. Itoverlooks the Srinagar valley and can be approached by car. A modern ceilingcovers the inner sanctum and a Persian inscription traces its origin to thereign of Emperor Shah Jahan. There is also a Shiva Linga coiled by a serpent,located in a basin inside the sanctum. The original ceiling was dome-shaped andthe current brick roof is said to be about a century old.
Hari Parbat, also known as the Mughal fort, is a hill forton Sharika hill that provides panoramic views of the Srinagar city and the Dal.It was first established by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1590. However, he onlyerected the outer wall of the fort and his plans to build a new capital calledNaga Nagor within it did not materialise. The fort in its current state wasbuilt much later in 1808 under the reign of Shuja Shah Durrani. Within thefort's precincts are temples, Muslim shrines, and a Sikh Gurudwara. To visitHari Parbat / Akber Fort you need pass which is issued by jk toursim atTRC ( Tourist Reception Center ) Srinagar.
The Hazratbal Shrinealso named Hazratbal, Assar-e-Sharief or simply Dargah ShariF is a Muslimshrine situated on the left bank of the Dal and is considered to be Kashmir'sholiest Muslim shrine. It contains a relic believed by many Kashmiri Muslims tobe the Moi-e-Muqqadas a hair from the head of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.According to legend the relic was first brought to India by Syed Abdullah a descendantof Muhammad who left Medina and settled in Bijapur near Hyderabad in 1635. WhenSyed Abdullah died, his son Syed Hamid, inherited the relic. Following theMughal conquest of the region, Syed Hamid was stripped of his family estates.Finding himself unable to care for the relic, he gave it as the most preciousgift to his close Mureed and a wealthy Kashmiri businessman, Khwaja Nur-ud-DinIshbari.